Interpretation as a tool to manage snorkeler impacts in the Mombasa Marine Park and Reserve, Kenya

sander den haring


Sander den Haring is conservation biologist with a focus on sustainable resource use to promote the conservation of marine and terrestrial resources. Sander has resided in Kenya since 2004 and since then has spearheaded various marine conservation projects involving local school children, recreational resource users (scuba divers and snorkelers) and residents along the Kenyan coastline. He has worked in East Africa, Latin America, The Caribbean, The Middle East and Europe. He completed a PhD on recreational resource use in the Mombasa Marine Park and Reserve, Kenya, from James Cook University, Australia. Under this project a training scheme was initiated for the snorkel operators to transform the non-sustainable snorkel trips into interpretive excursions. This transformation reduced the negative impacts on the coral reef and enhanced clientele satisfaction, whilst enabling the local snorkel operators to enjoy financially sustainable excursions. Sander believes that conservation must be achieved through research paired with awareness.


Snorkeling is a popular recreational activity; however, marine recreational resource use causes impacts to the environment, hence a need for resource management is necessary. Interpretation is one tool that can be used to... [ view full abstract ]


  1. sander den haring (GreenWater)

Topic Areas

Topics: Wildlife, Tourism and Recreation , Topics: Community-Based Conservation


OS-G1 » Environmental Education, Intpretation & Outreach (16:30 - Tuesday, 12th January, Kirinyaga 1)

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