Who has the worst attitudes toward sexual minorities? Comparison of transphobia and homophobia levels in gender dysphoric individuals, the general population and health care providers

Background

To date, few studies have addressed attitudes toward transgender individuals. In addition, little is known about health care providers' (HCP) attitudes toward sexual minorities. [ view full abstract ]

Aim(s)

The aim of the present study is to compare attitudes toward homosexual and transgender individuals between individuals diagnosed with gender dysphoria (GDs), healthy controls (HC), and HCP. [ view full abstract ]

Main Outcome Measures

A total of 310 subjects were considered, including 122 GDs (63 transwomen and 59 transmen), 53 heterosexual HCP (26 males and 27 females) and 135 HC. [ view full abstract ]

Methods

Participants completed the Modern Homophobia Scale (MHS) and the Attitudes Toward Transgendered Individuals Scale (ATTI) in order to assess attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women, and toward transgender individuals,... [ view full abstract ]

Results

(i) men showed significantly higher levels of homophobia and transphobia when compared to women (p [ view full abstract ]

Conclusion

Our results underline the need to promote awareness and acceptance of the sexual minorities, who are more at risk of discriminatory attitudes, which are strongly dependent on religious precepts and dogma. [ view full abstract ]

Authors

Alessandra Fisher (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, University of Florence, Florence), Giovanni Castellini (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital; Psychiatry Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence), Jiska Ristori (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, University of Florence, Florence), Helen Casale (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, University of Florence, Florence), Guido Giovanardi (Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome), Nicola Carone (Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome), Egidia Fanni (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, University of Florence, Florence), Maddalena Mosconi (Gender Identity Development Service, Hospital S.Camillo-Forlanini), Giacomo Ciocca (Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila), Emmanuele Jannini (Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome), Valdo Ricca (Psychiatry Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence), Vittorio Lingiardi (3Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome), Mario Maggi (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, University of Florence, Florence)

Topic Area

Oral & Poster Topics: Mental health

Session

OS-2AB » Mental Health IIb: Discrimination and Stigma (11:00 - Friday, 7th April, Aegean)

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