Psychological characteristics of Italian Gender Dysphoric adolescents: a case control study

Background

Introduction. Gender Dysphoria (GD) is associated with clinically significant distress and impairment in social, scholastic and other important areas of functioning, especially when early onset is reported. [ view full abstract ]

Aim(s)

To assess the psychopathological features associated with GD in adolescence, comparing a group of gender dysphoric adolescents (GDs) with a group of non-referred adolescents (NRs), in terms of body uneasiness, suicide risk,... [ view full abstract ]

Main Outcome Measures

A sample of 46 adolescents with GD and 46 age-matched NRs were evaluated (mean ±SD Age= 16.00±1.49 and 16.59±1.11 respectively, p>0.05). [ view full abstract ]

Methods

Subjects were asked to complete the Body Uneasiness Test (BUT) to explore body uneasiness, the Youth Self Report (YSR) to measure psychological functioning, the Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency scale (MAST) for suicide risk and... [ view full abstract ]

Results

Adolescents with GD reported significantly higher levels of body uneasiness (BUT-GSI, F=471.07, p [ view full abstract ]

Conclusion

GD adolescents reported significantly higher body dissatisfaction and suicidal risk compared to NRs. In addition, results confirmed a significant impairment in social psychological functioning in adolescents with GD. [ view full abstract ]

Authors

Alessandra Daphne Fisher (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital), Jiska Ristori (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital), Giovanni Castellini (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital; Psychiatric Unit, University of Florence), Carolina Sensi (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital; Psychiatric Unit, University of Florence), Emanuele Cassioli (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital; Psychiatric Unit, University of Florence), Antonio Prunas (Psychology Department University of Milan-Bicocca), Maddalena Mosconi (Hospital S.Camillo-Forlanini,, Gender Identity Development Service), Roberto Vitelli (Neurosciences Department, University of Naples Federico II), Valdo Ricca (Psychiatric Unit, University of Florence), Davide Dèttore (Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence), Mario Maggi (Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences Careggi University Hospital)

Topic Area

Oral & Poster Topics: Children and adolescents

Session

OS-3B » Children & Adolescents III: Baseline and Follow-up Characteristics of Transgender Youth (11:15 - Saturday, 8th April, Atlantic 2)

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