Self-harm and suicidality in Dutch children referred for gender dysphoria


In recent years, there has been focused attention on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, self-harm, and suicide attempts among adolescents with gender dysphoria. Only two studies, however, have examined the prevalence of... [ view full abstract ]


The aim of the present study was to examine the generality of the Aitken et al. (2016) findings by studying the prevalence of suicidality, and correlates, in a sample of Dutch children attending another specialized gender... [ view full abstract ]


The sample consisted of 582 Dutch children referred clinically for gender dysphoria. The comparison groups were referred (n = 2118) and non-referred (n = 843) children from a Dutch standardization sample. For the two... [ view full abstract ]

Main Outcome Measures

The two CBCL items pertaining to suicidality were coded as either present (Somewhat/sometimes true or Very true/often true) or absent (Not true), based on a 0-2 point response scale. We also computed a sum score of the two... [ view full abstract ]


The percentage of children whose parent (primarily the mother) endorsed the two suicidality was significantly higher in the gender-dysphoric group and in the referred group compared to the non-referred group. For suicidal... [ view full abstract ]


Compared to non-referred children, both children referred for gender dysphoria and children referred for other clinical reasons had a higher rate of parent-reported suicidality than non-referred children. This basic finding... [ view full abstract ]


  1. Thomas D. Steensma (VUMC)
  2. Peggy Cohen-Kettenis (VUMC)
  3. Doug Vanderlaan (University of Toronto)
  4. Kenneth Zucker (University of Toronto)

Topic Area

Oral & Poster Topics: Children and adolescents


OS-3B » Children & Adolescents III: Baseline and Follow-up Characteristics of Transgender Youth (11:15 - Saturday, 8th April, Atlantic 2)

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