A theoretical model for the study of R&D investment and barriers to export activity of co-operatives under different levels of environmental turbulence

Antonia Estrella-Ramon

University of Almeria

Technical Engineer in Computer Systems and Graduate in Marketing Research from the University of Almeria (Spain), Master Degree in Marketing and Consumer Behavior from the University of Granada (Spain), PhD in Economics, Business and Legal sciences from University of Almeria (Spain) and Hasselt University (Belgium). Assistant professor, University of Almeria (Spain).


TOPIC 9 - STAGE 4 - MICRO This paper presents a theoretical model for the study of specific issues related to the internationalization process of co-operatives as a way to implement growth strategies. Therefore, the main... [ view full abstract ]


  1. Antonia Estrella-Ramon (University of Almeria)
  2. David Jiménez-Castillo (University of Almeria)
  3. Manuel Sánchez-Pérez (University of Almeria)

Topic Area

Topic #9 Strategies: niche markets, growth, differentiation, internationalisation, short s


OS-3C » Strategies No.1 (16:15 - Wednesday, 25th May, Barceló Sala 3)



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