Life Cycle Analysis of Metals in Emerging Photovoltaic (PV) Technologies

Defne Apul

University of Toledo

Dr. Apul is a professor in the department of civil and environmental engineering at University of Toledo. Her research interests are in sustainability of food-energy-water systems.


The potential release of toxic metals used in emerging photovoltaic (PV) technologies has raised concerns about the safe use of these new types of solar cells. In this study, we address this concern by a life cycle toxicity... [ view full abstract ]


  1. Ilke Celik (University of Toledo)
  2. Zhaoning Song (University of Toledo)
  3. Michael Heben (University of Toledo)
  4. Defne Apul (University of Toledo)

Topic Areas

• Life cycle sustainability assessment , • Advances in methods (e.g., life cycle assessment, social impact assessment, resilience a , • Public policy and governance


WS-14 » Sustainable energy systems 2 (13:45 - Wednesday, 28th June, Room E)

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