Optimal Replacement of Residential Lighting for Cost and the Environment

Lixi Liu

University of Michigan

Lixi Liu is a second-year joint Ph.D. student in Mechanical Engineering and the School of Natural Resources and Environment at the University of Michigan. Her interests include renewable energy, energy efficiency, and sustainable systems. During her spare time, Lixi likes to do sudoku, cook, and go hiking.  


Artificial lighting is an integral part of modern society but requires a significant use of electricity. In the U.S., 10% of the electricity is used towards lighting. As lighting consumption continues to increase in the next... [ view full abstract ]


  1. Lixi Liu (University of Michigan)
  2. Gregory Keoleian (University of Michigan)
  3. Kazuhiro Saitou (University of Michigan)

Topic Areas

• Products and services, design for the environment, product declarations and labelling , • Decision support methods and tools , • Sustainable consumption and production


TS-18 » Sustainable energy systems 1 (13:45 - Tuesday, 27th June, Room I)

Presentation Files

The presenter has not uploaded any presentation files.