Identification and econometric assessment of high-criticality byproduct metals for clean energy applications

Xinkai Fu

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Xinkai Fu is a PhD student in Prof. Elsa Olivetti's group, Department of Materials Science and Engineering at MIT. His research focuses on understanding the criticality of metals mined as byproducts, particularly on the economic impacts and technological constraints in these byproduct systems. His work involves extensive using of econometric and time series modelling which help him understand the drivers and interactions with metal supply and demand.


Population growth and industrial development have led to an ever-increasing demand for energy since the beginning of industrial evolution. As society faces threats from climate change, the need for clean and reliable energy... [ view full abstract ]


  1. Xinkai Fu (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
  2. Adriano Polli (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya)
  3. Elsa Olivetti (MIT)

Topic Areas

• Sustainability and resilience metrics , • Advances in methods (e.g., life cycle assessment, social impact assessment, resilience a


MS-12 » Materials Criticality and Resilience 1 (11:45 - Monday, 26th June, Room I)

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