Enabling cost-effective very-low energy buildings – the Energy Cost Metric

Maximilian Bock

University of Cambridge

Dr Maximilian Bock is a researcher at the University of Cambridge. A physicist by training, he has a professional background in natural materials for construction, life cycle assessments, and tools to inform early design phases for housing. Previously, he investigated use-case of engineered bamboo in the developing world as a high-performing building material. In 2014, he consulted for UN Habitat in Kenya on housing policy and tools, and is active contributor for SHERPA, a 10YFP funded housing design guide for the Global South. He is currently working at the Resource Efficiency Collective jointly with Granta Design on technological innovations that advance sustainable housing solutions and is an investigator on circular economy for the built environment.


If national and international CO2 emission targets are to be met, it is clear that the energy demands of buildings need to be reduced due to their large contribution to global emissions. However, devoid of any cost... [ view full abstract ]


  1. Maximilian Bock (University of Cambridge)
  2. Jonathan Cullen (University of Cambridge)

Topic Areas

• Sustainability and resilience metrics , • Business and industry practices / case studies , • Decision support methods and tools


TS-4 » Special Session: “Can We Really Deliver Net-Zero Buildings As Part of Sustainable Communities?" (09:45 - Tuesday, 27th June, Room G)

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